Fungal nail infections are affected by people who indulge in using public showers, swimming pools, locker rooms or have the habit of sharing things like razors with other people who might be infected. It is a condition that is caused by the fungus which results in the development of foul smell from the nails and the distortion of its shape. The nail becomes thicker, crumble and result in the loss of the nail. There are several conditions that can bring about the same symptoms as that of fungal nail infection, so it is important to diagnose the condition before jumping into conclusion on how the treatment should be done.
Fungal nail infections are not considered to be a serious issue, and it might go away if the fingernails and toenails are kept dry and clean for a few days. The condition is contagious, so it is necessary to keep yourself and the things you use away from people who might come in direct contact with it.
Symptoms of fungal nail infections
There are several symptoms associated with the condition. These are discussed below.
Change in the condition of nail
The nail changes its color to yellow or white. It starts to get thicker or starts to crumble and lift from the nail bed. The nail can even be removed from the skin in case the infection gets severe.
Aging There are chances of you being infected by the condition if you are older than sixty-five due to the fact that the blood circulation reduces.
If you have diabetes, you are again at a higher risk of being affected by the condition.
The doctor would do a physical examination of the affected area, ask about the symptoms and also about the past medical condition you have had. The infection can usually be diagnosed by physical examination, but due to the symptoms of other conditions being the same, they might have to collect scraps of the nail as samples to watch under the microscope to confirm the kind of infection.
Treatment of fungal nail infection
There are a number of treatments available for fungal nail infections. Some of these are mentioned below.
If you think you are affected by the condition, make sure to keep your legs and hands clean and dry throughout, and not to indulge in activities that might result in the spread of the fungi.
Fungal infections are usually treated by the use of anti-fungal medicines. Over the counter medicines are not usually helpful as it would not produce the desired effect on the condition. Terbinafine, fluconazole, itraconazole and griseofulvin are the types of anti-fungal medicines used for the treatment of fungal nail infections.
In the case of severe nail infections, anti-fungal pills are prescribed. These have a better effect on the condition, but it comes with side effects and is expensive compared to the other treatment methods. But do not leave it untreated as it might result in severe infections.
Keep a close watch on the development of the infection and consult a doctor if it gets worse in a day or two.